Dr. Malin Bergstrom, et. al.

Why should they live more with one of us when they are children to us both? Download
"Joint physical custody, i.e., children spending an equal amount of time in both parents' home after a separation or divorce, is increasing in many countries. In line with the national policy to promote paternal involvement in parenting, two-thirds of Swedish preschoolers with non-cohabiting parents live in two homes. Internationally, there has been a debate regarding the benefits or risks with joint physical custody for infants and toddlers. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the reasons given by divorced parents for sharing joint physical custody of children 0–4years of age. Interviews were conducted with 46 parents (18 fathers and 28 mothers) and analyzed using systematic text condensation. Two themes emerged in response to the research question. In the theme Same rights and responsibilities, parents described that joint physical custody was ‘a given’ as both parents were seen to have equal rights to and responsibility for the children. Both men and women described involved fatherhood as an ideal goal. In the theme For the sake of the child, parents emphasized that joint physical custody was in the best interest of the child. Some parents had conflicts with their ex-spouses, but were still convinced of the benefits of joint physical custody and strove to make it work."

Dr. Malin Bergstrom

Fifty moves a year: is there an association between joint physical custody and psychosomatic problems in children? Download
"Background In many Western countries, an increasing number of children with separated parents have joint physical custody, that is, live equally much in their parent's respective homes. In Sweden, joint physical custody is particularly common and concerns between 30% and 40% of the children with separated parents. It has been hypothesised that the frequent moves and lack of stability in parenting may be stressful for these children."

Dr. Richard Warshak

Stemming the Tide of Misinformation: International Consensus on Shared Parenting and Overnighting Download
"This white paper describes the purpose and background of a two-year project to stem the tide of misinformation that was generating confusion about where the scientific community stood on shared parenting for preschool children. Four decades of research were reviewed, analyzed, and vetted by incorporating feedback from an international group of experts in the fields of attachment, early child development, parent-child relations, and divorce."

Sara McLanahan, Laura Tach, Daniel Schneider

The Causal Effects of Father Absence Download
"We are now in a position to say that father absence CAUSES (rather than is just correlated with) the multiple problems you identify in children. This has been demonstrated in a groundbreaking new article by Sara McLanahan from Princeton University and her colleagues (from Cornell U and UC Berkeley), entitled "The Causal Effects of Father Absence" in the leading sociology journal, the Annual Review of Sociology (2013). "

Dr. Linda Nielsen

Joint versus sole physical custody: Outcomes for children... Download
Shared Residential Custody: Review of the Research (Part I of II) Download
Shared Residential Custody: Review of the Research (Part II of II) Download
Parenting Time & Shared Residential Custody: Ten Common Myths Download
Shared Physical Custody: Myths and Misconceptions Download
Divorced Fathers and Their Daughters: A Review of Recent Research Download
Shared Physical Custody: Summary of 40 Studies on Outcomes for Children Download
Re-examining the Research on Parental Conflict, Coparenting, and Custody Arrangements Download

Dr. Edward Kruk

Arguments for an Equal Parental Responsibility Presumption in Contested Child Custody Download

Dr. William Fabricius

Young Adults’ Perspective on Divorce Living Arrangements Download
Lay Judgments About Child Custody After Divorce Download

Dr. Robert Bauserman

Child Adjustment in Joint-Custody Versus Sole-Custody Arrangements: A Meta-Analytic Review Download

Dr. Richard Warshak

Experts Agree that Infants and Toddlers Need Overnight Care from Both Parents After their Separation Download
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Dr. Róisín O’Shea

Judicial Separation and Divorce in the Circuit Court Download

Dr. Jane Venohr

Child Support Guidelines and Guidelines Reviews: State Differences and Common Issues Download
"Since 1989, federal regulations require each state to provide presumptive guidelines (formulas) for determining the amount of child support awards and to review their guidelines at least once every four years.1 Most states developed and adopted their initial guidelines in the late 1980s. States developed their guidelines based on similar premises and guidelines models and relied on a limited number of available economic studies on the cost of child-rearing. "

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